[보고서] 

생태계서비스 정책 도입을 위한 자연환경예산 체계 분석 및 재원조달 방안



연구기관명 나라살림연구소

연구책임자 정 창 수

연 구 원 이 왕 재

박 현 숙

이 상 민

연구보조원 박 승 만

백 연 주


목차


1장. 연구의 개요


1절. 연구의 배경 및 목적 ··············································· 3

2절. 연구의 범위 및 내용 ·············································· 3

1. 중앙정부 자연환경 분야 정책과 재정 현황 분석 및 시사점 도출 ··························· 3

2. 자연환경 예산의 단기-중·장기 재원 확보 방안 제시 ···················································· 4

3. 생태계서비스지불제 정책 도입을 위한 세입·세출 구조 제안 ····························· 5

4. 조사 및 분석 방법 ························································ 6

3절. 기대성과 및 향후계획 ································ 6


2장. 생태계서비스와 동향

 

1절. 생태계서비스의 개요 ················································· 9

1. 생태계서비스의 개념 ··········································································· 9

2. 생태계서비스전략의 추진배경 ······························································ 11

3. 생태계서비스전략의 위상 및 근거 ······················································ 11

4. 생태계서비스전략의 비전 및 목표 ······················································ 12

2절. 국외동향 ···································································································· 14

1. 유럽연합의 생태계서비스전략 ······························································ 14

2. 생태계서비스 주요 평가 ·········································································· 14

3. 환경보호 및 생태계서비스 관련 협약 ················································ 16

3절. 국내동향 ···································································································· 17

1. 환경부 ············································································································· 17

2. 농식품부 ········································································································ 19

3. 산림청 ············································································································· 19

4. 해수부 ············································································································· 22

4절. 시사점 ········································································································· 24

1. 국외동향 시사점 ·························································································· 24

2. 국내동향 시사점 ·························································································· 25


3장. 국내·외 생태계서비스지불제 관련 제도


1절. 생태계서비스지불제 개요 ··································································· 29

1. 생태계서비스지불제(PES)의 개념 ························································ 29

2. 생태계서비스지불제(PES)의 의의 ························································ 29

3. 생태계서비스지불제(PES)의 관련 제도 유형 ··································· 30

2절. 환경부 생태계서비스지불제 관련 제도 ········································· 31

1. 생물다양성 관리계약제도 ········································································ 31

2. 생태계보전협력금 ······················································································· 34

3. 물이용부담금제도 ······················································································· 40

4. 국립공원 내 생태우수지역 보전 이용금 징수 시범사업 ············· 43

3절. 타부처 생태계서비스지불제 관련 제도 ········································· 47

1. 농식품부의 농업직접지불제도 ······························································· 47

2. 농식품부의 농지보전부담금 ··································································· 49

3. 농식품부의 대체초지조성비 ··································································· 52

4. 산림청의 대체산림자원조성비 ······························································· 54

5. 해수부의 해양생태계보전협력금 ·························································· 56

6. 국토부의 개발제한구역보전부담금 ····················································· 60

7. 기타 생태계서비스지불제 관련법 ························································ 63

4절. 국외 생태계서비스지불제 관련 제도 ·············································· 64

1. 코스타리카의 산림환경서비스 지불제 ··············································· 64

2. 일본의 생태계서비스지불제(산림환경세) ·········································· 73

5절. 시사점 ·········································································································· 75

1. 환경부 관련 제도의 시사점 ····································································· 75

2. 타부처 관련 제도의 시사점 ····································································· 78

3. 해외 관련 제도의 시사점 ·········································································· 81


4장. 환경부의 자연환경정책과 재정 


1절. 자연환경정책의 개요 ············································································ 85

1. 자연환경정책의 개념 및 범위 ······························································· 85

2. 자연환경보전계획의 개요 ······································································ 86

3. 국가 생물다양성 전략의 개요 ······························································· 94

2절. 자연환경정책 대상 사업 분석 ·························································· 96

1. 환경부 자연보존국의 제3차 자연보존기본계획 대상사업 ········ 97

2. 환경부의 국가생물다양성전략 대상 사업 ········································ 98

3. 환경부의 생태계서비스 대상 사업 분석 ··········································· 104

3절. 자연환경정책관련 재정현황 분석 ··················································· 106

1. 환경보호지출 통계 중 생물다양성 보호 지출 ································· 106

2. 국가재정운용계획 ······················································································· 108

3. 2018년 환경부 세출 예산 ········································································ 109

4절. 시사점 ········································································································· 118

1. 자연환경정책의 시사점 ············································································ 118

2. 대상 사업 분석 시사점 ·············································································· 118

3. 자연환경정책 재정분석 시사점 ····························································· 119


5장. 자연환경 예산의 재원 확보 방안 및 모델제안 


1절. 재원확보 방향 ··························································································· 123

1. 설치 목적에 부합하는 세입 재원 운용 필요 ····································· 123

2. 기본 계획과 사업 예산의 연계성 확보 ················································ 123

3. 환경부의 재원배분의 컨트롤타워로서의 역할 강화 ······················ 124

2절. 재원확보 방안 ··························································································· 124

1. 기존 재원에서 생태계서비스지불제 재원 확보 ······························· 125

2. 새로운 재원 확보 ························································································· 125

3. 중장기 방안 ···································································································· 128


* 보고서 문의는 댓글 남겨주세요. *

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[보고서] 재정분권 정당성 확보방안: 주요 쟁점을 중심으로


책임연구원 정 창 수

공동연구원 김 상 철

허 수 영

이 승 주


목 차


1. 서론

 

1) 연구의 배경 ................................................................................................... 1

2) 연구의 필요성................................................................................................ 4

 

2. 재정분권의 쟁점

 

1) 지방재정의 현황 및 한계..........................................................................  5

2) 재정분권의 쟁점 .........................................................................................  11

3) 지방재정조정제도 측면의 쟁점.............................................................  13

4) 지방자치로서의 재정분권 필요성........................................................  26

 

3. 자치와 자율을 위한 재정분권의 과제

 

1) 재정분권을 둘러싼 논쟁의 흐름.............................................................. 47

2) 재정분권 갈등의 주요 사례........................................................................ 56

3) 재정분권 정당화의 구조.............................................................................. 84

4) 재정분권 정당화의 방법 및 제안............................................................. 96

 

4. 결론 ................................................................................................................ 115

1) 요약 및 결론 .................................................................................................... 115


* 보고서 문의는 댓글 남겨주세요. *

Posted by flashfresh



[보고서] 장애인 탈시설 방안 마련을 위한 실태조사

-시설에서 지역사회로의 전환을 위한 정책 연구


연 구 수 행 기 관 : 사단법인 두루

연 구 책 임 자 원 : 박숙경 (경희대학교 후마니타스칼리지 교수)

연 구 원 : 김명연 (상지대학교 법학부 교수)

김용진 (사단법인 두루 변호사)

구나영 (법무법인 지평 변호사)

문 혁 (장애와인권발바닥행동 상임활동가)

박지선 (법무법인 지평 외국변호사)

정 진 (법무법인 지평 외국변호사)

정창수 (나라살림연구소 소장)

조아라 (장애와인권발바닥행동 상임활동가)


* 보고서 문의는 댓글 남겨주세요. *


목차

 

 

 

1장 서 론 ·············································································································· 1


 1절 연구 설계 ········································································································ 3

 2절 연구 내용 및 방법 ························································································ 5

 3절 연구의 활용방안 ···························································································· 6

 


2장 이론적 배경 ··································································································· 7

 

  제1절 용어 및 주요개념 검토 ················································································· 9

 2절 시설의 한계 및 문제점 ··············································································· 18

 3절 탈시설 이후 사람들의 삶의 변화 ······························································ 23

 4절 선행연구 검토 ······························································································ 32

 

 

3장 해외사례 연구 ······························································································ 41

 

 제1절 유럽연합(EU) ································································································ 43

 2절 각국의 탈시설화 동향 ················································································· 55

 


4장 정책 현황 ····································································································· 85

 

1절 국내 시설보호 전개와 현황 ······································································· 87

2절 탈시설화정책 현황 ······················································································· 94

 

5장 조사결과 ····································································································· 111

 

1절 전문가 자문 ································································································ 113

2절 해외 기관방문 ···························································································· 116

3절 관련주체 포커스그룹면접 ········································································· 132

 

 

6장 철학과 추진원칙 ························································································· 159

 

1절 철학 ············································································································· 161

2절 추진 관점 ···································································································· 167

 3절 추진원칙 ······································································································ 169

 

 

7장 정책 과제 ··································································································· 173

 

1절 개념정의 및 국가책임 ··············································································· 175

2절 탈시설화 추진체계 구축 ··········································································· 181

3절 당사자 참여 및 개인별 지원체계 구축 ·················································· 188

4절 소득 및 다양한 지원서비스 제공 ···························································· 202

5절 입소예방과 기존시설에 대한 개입 ·························································· 246

6절 서비스 제공인력 개발 및 지원 ································································ 262

7절 모니터링과 이해 증진 ··············································································· 272

8절 기타과제 ······································································································ 280

 

 

8장 법제화 방안 ································································································ 285

 

1절 법제화의 필요성 ························································································ 287

2탈시설화-사회통합법의 제정 ······························································ 288

3절 저해 법령의 정비 ····················································································· 297

 

 

9장 예산 및 재원 ······························································································ 301

 

1절 기존예산 분석 ···························································································· 303

2절 재원 소요예측 및 확보방향 ····································································· 315

 

 

10장 결론 및 제언 ···························································································· 323

 

1절 결론 ············································································································· 325

2절 연구의 의의와 한계 ··················································································· 331

 

 

참고문헌 ·········································································································· 333 

 

부록 ·················································································································· 345

 

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[보고서]

경기도의회 상임위원회 및 의회사무처 기능강화 및 조직 등 개선방안 최종보고서


* 보고서 문의는 댓글 남겨주세요. *


 

 

 

 

목 차

 

 

 

 

 

1장 서 론 1

1절 연구 목적 및 필요성 1

2절 연구의 범위 4

3절 연구 방법 5

 

2장 지방의회의 현황과 발전 과제 6

1절 지방의회의 의의와 구성 6

1. 지방의회의 의의 6

2. 지방의회 지위와 권한 6

3. 지방의회 의원의 권리와 의무 13

4. 지방의회 본회의와 위원회 18

5. 지방의회 교섭단체 21

6. 지방의회 사무기구 및 직원 26

2절 경기도의회의 환경적 특수성과 역할 31

1. 행정구역의 인구·지리적 특이성 31

2. 기초 지방자치단체 간 격차 심화 34

3. 지방자치단체 최초의 연정 환경 40

3절 소결 44

 

3장 경기도의회 상임위원회 직무조정 및 개편 47

1절 지방의회 상임위원회 의의와 구성 원칙 47

1. 의회 상임위원회의 의의 및 이론적 논의 47

2. 광역의회 상임위원회 현황과 분석 55

3. 해외사례와 시사점 58

2절 경기도 의회 상임위원회 개편을 위한 분석 및 평가 68

1. 경기도의회 상임위원회 구성 현황 68

2. 경기도의회 상임위원회 직무수행 현황 73

3. 경기도의회 상임위원회 구성과 개편을 위한 원칙 수립 75

4. 9대 경기도의회 상임위원회 조직 분석 및 평가 78

- 각 원칙별(효율성, 분권성, 일관성) 연구방법과 연구결과 및 시사점 78

5. 경기도의회 상임위원회 직무조정 쟁점 분석 및 평가 101

6. 상임위원회 개편 및 직무조정에 대한 종합의견 120

7. 도의원 수 증가에 따른 위원회 개편 제안 127

3절 교육위원회 2분화 132

1. 교육위원회 운영의 의의와 현황 및 문제점 132

2. 광역의회 교육위원회 현황 136

3. 선행연구 및 해외사례 141

4. 경기도의회 교육위원회 2분화 방안 145

4절 법제(운영)위원회 설치 154

1. 지방 법제위원회의 의의와 신설 검토 154

2. 경기도의회 법제위원회 설치 159

5절 예결위원회 상임위원회화 및 운영 개선 방안 166

1. 현황 및 문제점 166

2. 선행연구 및 해외사례 167

3. 경기도의회 옴부즈만 제도 도입 168

4. 경기도의회 예결위 운영 개선방안 173

6절 소결: 경기도의회 상임위원회 조직 개편 및 직무 조정 방안 178

 

4장 경기도의회 정책보좌 기능 및 생산성 제고 방안 184

1절 지방의회 사무처의 의의와 운영현황 185

1. 지방의회 사무기구 185

2. 선행연구 및 해외사례 191

2절 경기도의회 사무기구 및 정책보좌 제도 213

1. 경기도의회 사무처 조직 및 정책보좌 제도 운영 213

2. 경기도의회 사무처의 기능적 한계 217

3절 경기도의회 정책보좌기능 강화 방안 224

1. 정책보좌인력 확대 및 정책자문제도 활성화 224

2. 경기도의회 입법조사처 및 예산정책처 신설 226

3. 명확한 업무 분장과 업무 매뉴얼 마련 232

4. 의원 보좌관제도 도입 233

5. 교섭단체 정책위원회 강화 240

6. 입법정책위원회, 예산정책위원회 강화 240

7. 정책연구원 및 정치교육원 설립 242

8. 지역 상담소 운영 강화 243

4절 소결 245

 

5장 자치입법권 및 인사권 강화와 법령·제도 개선 과제 249

1절 자치입법권 강화와 법령제도 개선 과제 249

1. 현황 및 문제점 249

2. 개선 과제 253

2절 자치조직권 강화와 법령제도 개선 방안 255

1. 현황과 문제점 255

2. 개선방안 257

3절 사무처 인사권 독립과 보좌인력 확보를 위한 입법 동향과 평가 260

1. 지방자치법 일부개정법률안(추미애 의원) 260

2. 지방자치법 일부개정법률안(정청래 의원) 261

3. 지방자치법 일부개정법률안(정청래 의원) 262

4. 지방자치법 일부개정법률안(주승용 의원) 266

5. 시사점 및 평가 267

4절 지방의회 기능과 권한 강화를 위한 헌법 개정 268

1. 현황 및 문제점 268

2. 지방의회 강화 관련 주요 쟁점과 개헌 방안 271

5절 지방의회 기능과 권한 강화를 위한 법령·제도 개선 274

1. 현황 및 문제점과 지방자치법 개정 방향 274

2. 지방자치법의 개정 방안 275

6절 경기도의회 기능과 권한강화를 위한 기타 법·제도 개선 285

1. 광역의원후원회 허용을 위한 정치자금법 개정 285

2. 경기도의회 정책연구원 및 정치교육원 설립 승인 287

3. 지방의회 사무기구 소속 직원 및 정수 등에 관한 자율성 보장과 현행 직급 등 개정 건의 288

4. 기타 개선방안 291

7절 소결 293

 

6장 결론 296

1절 요약 297

2절 시사점 및 제언 300

 

<참고문헌> 301

 

참고 1-1 : 의장단 대상 심층인터뷰 개요와 설문지 305

참고 1-2 : 의장단 대상 심층인터뷰 내용 308

참고 2-1 : 경기도의회 의원 대상 설문 개요 314

참고 2-2 : 경기도의회 의원 대상 설문지 315

참고 2-3 : 상임위원회 개편 및 소관 직무 조정 관련 도의원 설문조사 정리 332

참고 3-1 : 직원대상 설문 개요 336

참고 3-2 : 직원대상 설문지 340

참고 3-3 : 직원 대상 설문조사 결과 348

참고 3-4 : 직원 대상 설문조사 세부분석 결과 353

참고 4-1 : 지방의회의 역사 395

참고 4-2 : 지방의회 상임위원회 연혁과 경기도의회 상임위원회 변화 과정 410

참고 4-3 : 전국 시도의회 사무처 조직 및 제도 운영 415

참고 5-1 : 개정 법률안 (지방공무원법) 428

참고 5-2 : 개정 법률안 (지방자치법) 450

참고 6 : 조례개정안 경기도의회 교섭단체 및 위원회 구성·운영 조례 456

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[보고서]

여성인력개발센터의 안정적 재원 확보 방안 연구


* 보고서 문의는 댓글 남겨주세요. *



목 차


. ····························································································································· 1

1.  연구  ······································································································· 1

2.  연구  ······································································································· 2

3.   추진체 ··················································································································· 4

 

 

II.  노동시  여성일자리정  ···················································································· 9

1.  노동시장환경변 ············································································································· 9

2.  우리나 노동시 현황 고용 ·············································································· 10

3.  일자  ··········································································································· 12

4.   일자  ································································································· 19

5.  시사 ······························································································································· 23

 

 

. 여성인력개발센 ································································· 27

1.  여성인력개발센 ········································································ 27

2.  여성인력개발센  ······························································································· 29

3.  여성인력개발센 설립근  관련 ······································································ 30

4.  여성인력개발센 주요사  ································································ 34

5.  여성인력개발센 ························································································ 38

6.  시사 ······························································································································· 58

 

 

. 문재 정부 여성일자  방향 2018 여성일자  예산()   63

1.  문재 정부  일자  ······································································ 63

2.  2018 여성일자  ····································································· 67

 

 

. 여성인력개발센 안정  ··································································· 73

1.  지방자치단  ········································· 73

2.  지역발전특별회계 여성인력개발센 ······························· 75

3.  제도 보완  중장  ···················································································· 85

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경기연구원. 2016.6. '지자체 사회복지지출 증가, 이대로 둘 것인가'.pdf

 

 

 

 

중앙과 지방의 사회복지 지출이 모두 증가하는 가운데, 지방정부의 사회복지 지출의 연평균 증가율은 13.4%로 중앙정부(8.7%)에 비해 상대적으로 급격하게 증가하고 있다.

 

이것의 주요 원인이 바로 지방자치단체의 사회복지사업 및 지출구조에 있는 것으로 나타났다.

 

중앙정부의 사회복지분야 국고보조사업의 재정부담률은 감소하고 있고(`06년 70.9% -> `14년 61.8%), 증가하는 신규복지사업으로 인해 지방의 매칭 부담이 지속적으로 커지고 있으며(2014년의 경우 기초노령연금, 장애인연금, 영유아보육사업 추진으로 총 6조 3,900만원의 지방대응비 부담이 있었음), 국고보조사업의 지방이양이 증가함에도 분권교부세의 증가가 미미하여 지방재정부담이 제도 도입 이전 50% 수준에서 70.5%까지 증가한 문제가 주요한 원인으로 보고서는 분석하고 있다.

 

특히 이번 보고서는 현재 인구가 정체되거나 줄고있으며 인구구조의 고령화로 인해 젊은 세대의 복지행정수요가 감소하고 있는 지방 시군보다 젊은 인구 유입이 활발하고 출생률이 높은 대도시를 갖고 있는 수도권 지자체의 재정부담이 앞으로 더욱 커질 것을 보여주고 있어, 앞으로 지방재정 개편과 관련해서 강한 시사점을 주고 있다.

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141013 [기획재정부] 최근경제동향과 대응방향 및 엔저대응과 활용방안.hwp




’14.10.8일 최경환 부총리는 경제관계장관회의를 개최하여, 최근 경제상황을 점검하고 「최근 경제동향과 대응방향」, 「엔저 대응 및 활용방안」을 논의하였음

최근 경제동향과 대응방향

- 「5조원+α」를 늘려 기존 41조원 정책패키지 중 연내 「31조원+α」를 집행하고, 4/4분기 내수보완 대책을 병행

엔저 대응 및 활용방안

- 엔저로 인해 어려움을 겪는 기업을 집중 지원하는 한편,엔저를 투자 및 생산성 제고의 기회로 활용하는 방안 마련

□ 특히 경제관계장관회의 논의과정에서 자동화설비 관세감면 대상중견기업까지 확대하고 감면율을 당초 예정했던 30%에서 50%까지 확대 적용키로 결정


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(안전행정부) 지방감사를_통해_본_잘못된_업무처리사례-1권_공통분야.pdf

 

(안전행정부) 지방감사를_통해_본_잘못된_업무처리사례-2권_특정분야.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

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140619[대외경제정책연구원] 전략지역 심층연구 논문집2 러시아.vol1.egg

 

140619[대외경제정책연구원] 전략지역 심층연구 논문집2 러시아.vol2.egg

대외경제정책연구원이 신흥경제국에 대한 국내 연구를 활성화하기 위해 대외경제정책연구원(KIEP)이 수행한 2013년 [전략지역 심층연구 사업]의 일환으로 발간된 논문집으로 러시아 지역에 대한 이해의 폭을 넓히고 인식의 지평을 확대하는 데 기여하는 정치, 경제, 사회, 문화에 대한 7편의 논문이 수록되어 있었다.

<목차>

1. 러‧중 정치 엘리트 전환에 관한 비교 연구 / 주장환(한신대학교 중국학과 교수)

2. 푸틴 3기 내각‧대통령행정실 인적 구성의 특징과 함의 / 장세호(한국외국어대학교 러시아연구소 HK사업단 HK교수)

3. 포스트소비에트 남코카서스 3국의 비공식 인적 네트워크: ‘블라트’와 조지아의 사례를 중심으로 / 현승수(한양대학교 아태지역연구센터 HK연구교수)

4. 러시아 가스관 건설의 복합게임: 러시아와 남북한을 비롯한 이해관계 국가들의 융합적 협력 가능성의 모색 / 정기웅(한국외국어대학교 국제지역연구센터 책임연구원)

5. 흑해경제권의 부상과 한국의 진출전략 / 윤성학(고려대학교 러시아CIS연구소 국제협력팀장)

6. 러시아 극동지역 소수민족의 전통 정신문화 연구: 니브흐, 나나이, 우데게족을 중심으로 / 김민수(한국외국어대학교 러시아연구소 HK사업단 HK교수)

7. 러시아 제품 디자인의 문화기호학적 고찰 / 조준래(성균관대학교 인문과학연구소 전임연구원)

KIEP 전략지역심층연구 발간자료 목록(2011~13년)

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140618 대구경북지역 이전기관 올해 659명채용, 8% 지역인재 우선-보도자료.hwp

 

 

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